Muscles Involved in Shoulder Flexion and Extension
The flexion movement involves the muscles called coracobrachialis, anterior deltoid, and pectoralis major. On the other hand, the muscles involved in shoulder extension are major and minor teres, latissimus dorsi, and posterior deltoid muscles.
These muscles play an important role when you lift your whole body up so this way the movement range of the shoulders allows you to have better mobility.
How to Strengthen These Muscles?
If you are concerned about strengthening your shoulder flexion and extension muscles, you need to use dumbbells. They will help you flex and extend the muscles with the right amount of weight.
This way they will grow and give more strength to the muscles. You can also use resistance bands and weights to perform different exercises.
How to Warm Up Before Exercise?
Before you actually start exercising, you need to make your body warm so it is in order to make the exercise more effective. You can try riding a bike around the corner or just walk for 5 to 10 minutes in order to get the blood circulation going. This type of stretching will help you improve the range in which you can move.
This way the mobility is a lot more increased with the help of a good warm-up exercise. This way your muscles that are sore will also not get injured due to high-level weight lifting and shoulder flexion and extension exercises.
Stretches to Perform
You have a choice of stretches available that you can choose from. Here is a quick overview of all of them so you can do it right.
Shoulder Flexion Stretches
Stand beside a wall and face it. Move your arms above the wall until you feel some stretch in your arms. When the arms are stretching, keep it in the same position for 30 seconds and start over from the starting position.
Crossover Arm Stretch
Make sure your muscles and shoulders are relaxed. Now, move your upper arm with the help of your other hand. Move it around your chest and pull it. Now keep it there for 30 seconds or so. Now again start from the starting point.
Layover on a flat surface keeping your injured side down. Now bend its elbow to a 90 degree and use the other arm to push it down slowly. You will feel a stretch in your shoulder so hold it for 30 seconds. Start over with the starting position.
How to Exercise with a Weight?
Here are a few exercises for shoulder flexion and extension that you can perform with a weight.
Shoulder Extension Exercise
Lay down on a hard surface on your stomach. Make sure it is a table so you can hang your arms from the sides. Face your palms toward yourself and hold weight. This way you have to slowly pick up your arms and lift the weight. Make a Y shape with your body and only stop when the arms are aligned with the body. Now return to the initial position.
Stand straight while holding weights in your hand. Slowly start moving your arms straight up and keep it above your head. Don’t keep it there for too long without consulting your healthcare provider. Don’t shrug your shoulder and keep in this position for a few seconds and again return to the position where you started to start over.
These exercises for your shoulder flexion and extension will improve the health of your upper back muscles and grow them in the best way possible.
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